History is always a fascinating subject which can be considered as the best memoir of past. It tells us about the evolution of human beings, rise of different civilizations, art and culture, people and social structures. These explorations could not be possible without archaeologists who introduce us to interesting and unknown facts of the world.
A 2000-year old mosaic in Zeugma, Turkey is another such exploration led by Professor Kutalmış Görkay of Ankara University and his team of archaeologists. This excavation unfolded various unknown facts about Greek and Roman art which is actually a treat for all art lovers!
Let’s explore it further!
Look at this picture; can you believe that this great masterpiece which was excavated in Turkey’s Zeugma city is 2000 years old? Your answer will be ‘no’ for sure due to its rich and vibrant colors which makes it appearance nothing less than a day old or so!
The main themes of the mosaics are characters from Greek mythology.
According to Professor Kutalmış Görkay as said to Archaeology.org, mosaics clearly reflects unconventional patterns and designs.
“They were a product of the patron’s imagination. It wasn’t like simply choosing from a catalogue,” he said.
Talking about the scenic implications, Professor Kutalmış Görkay said that every scene or pattern on mosaics stands for an individual purpose.
“They thought of specific scenes in order to make a specific impression. For example, if you were of the intellectual level to discuss literature, then you might select a scene like the three muses”, he said.
In past, the mosaic was submerged under water due to flooding by a nearby dam. So archaeological experts were curious to excavate the masterpiece and let the world know about the art and culture of ancient Turkey.
Kudos! to their effort for giving everyone such priceless works!
From the picture above, we can easily understand the kind of effort taken by the archaeological team in the restoration of the mosaics.
According to legends, when the city was established by the Greeks it was named as “Seleucia” in the 3rd century BC.
Later it was renamed as Zeugma (also known as “bridge” or “crossing”) by the Roman Empire when it conquered the city in 64 BC.
However, the city was captured by the Persian Sassanids from the Romans in 253 AD.
One of the mosaics featured Greek and Ocean gods and goddess, Oceanus and Tethys.
The mosaics became an interesting information source about the Greek history and the rise and fall of their empire. It also tell us about how people in the past worshipped natural forces. Perhaps it is a kind of reverence they showed towards the environment.
Another mosaic which featured Poseidon, the Sea God, on his war chariot.
Isn’t this amazing?
And this is Thalia, an ideal muse well known for her poetry and comedy. She seems to be the apt illustration of ‘beauty with brains’.
These mosaics will definitely intrigue history lovers like me and also those who admire art and crafts.
Will you still ‘give it a miss’? We at the CoolsandFools will definitely recommend you add this in your ‘must-see’ list!
Explore the beautiful mosaics further in this video